York, England

Often, it is said that the history of York is the history of England. Its being England's second most important city until the advent of the Industrial Revolution, which incidentally largely by-passed the city, almost ensures this though lack of upheavals in recent centuries must have a part to play too. To this very day, there is still a lot of history around: the medieval street plan around the Shambles and the Minster, Norse artefacts and so much more.